Malaria is an infectious disease caused by a Plasmodium parasite that lives and breeds in human red blood cells. The disease is naturally dug through the female anopheles mosquito bite. The most common type found in the world is Plasmodium falciparum.
Other forms of transmission that can occur can be contagious from pregnant women to the fetus. Malaria can also be transmitted through blood transfusions. In some cases, malaria-causing parasites may persist in the human body for several months. Meanwhile, infections due to P. falciparum parasites are usually more serious and more life-threatening. So when you feel the symptoms, early doctor handling is highly recommended.
The main symptoms of Malaria fever are (P. falcifarum every day day, P.Vivax and ovale every other day, P. Malaria every 2 days), shivering, headache, vomiting, diarrhea. Clinical symptoms that may occur very high heat pattern depends on the type of plasmodium, yellow eyes and body, bleeding nose, gums and gastrointestinal tract. Also hard to breathe, vomiting continuously and unable to eat and drink, the color of urine is old to blackish, the amount of urine is reduced. Severe symptoms are loss of consciousness and convulsions.
- Using lotion when anopheles mosquitoes start active, i.e. at night.
- Install the mosquito net with windows, so mosquitoes cannot enter.
- Wear clothing that is covered and bright
- Using anti-mosquito repellent
- Install mosquito nets during sleep
- Install the mosquito trap
- Planting plants that are not favored by mosquitoes such as geranium, zodia, citronella, orange, lavender, fragrant root, rosemary, citosa mosquito and kecombrang.
- Using the air conditioner or fan can slightly reduce.
- Avoid areas of malaria endemic, especially if you are in a vulnerable condition (Pregnant, toddler, decreased immune system and the elderly).
Blood tests for malaria fever are examination of thick and thin blood hapuasn, rapid malaria diagnostic tests and other supporting tests.