Tibb-e-Unani, unani medicine or hikmat is famously known remedy system in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Afghanistan, Maldives and Bhutan. This health system which was Basically introduced by Greeks and was improved upon by Muslims. Now It is developed into the modern health systems and its remnants in ancient form are being utilized in South Asia.
Ibn e Sina (Avicenna) an Arab philosopher and physicist are the most prominent name Tib-e-Unani. His famous books “The Canon of Medicine” and “Book of Healing” is an encyclopedia of Unani Medicine.
The main principles of Unani medicine are a natural process and that symptoms are the reactions of the body to disease. Its treatment the base of four elements the presence dam (blood), balgham (phlegm), safra (yellow bile) and sauda (black bile) in the body.
Also evaluation of temperament through blood is hot and moist; phlegm is cold and moist; yellow bile is hot and dry; and black bile is cold and dry. According to Unani, if the four main humours and the four primary temperaments (hot, cold, dry, moist) are all important the person is considered healthy.Mostly Unani Physician (Hakim) diagnosed primarily by information obtained through clinical history of the patient, Stool and urine examination, pulse and patient Temperament.